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Frequently Asked Questions

What does UGMA stand for?

UGMA stands for Uniform Gift to Minors Act, while UTMA stands for Uniform Transfer to Minors Act. UTMA allows for more maturity time before handing to it over to the beneficiary (up to 25 years), depending on the state, while the UGMA matures at 18 years.

What is the difference between UTMA and UGMA?

The main difference between an UTMA and UGMA is what kind of assets they can hold. Assets within an UGMA are limited to bank deposits, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other securities and insurance policies. UTMAs allow almost any kind of asset, including real estate to be given to the minor.

How are UGMA Accounts taxed?

Taxes and Deductions. Earnings in 529 plans are tax-free as long as they're spent on educational expenses, while UGMA earnings are taxed once your child uses up her standard deduction. A UGMA account can also limit your child's ability to receive financial aid, while a 529 plan is counted as your asset and has less impact on financial aid eligibility.


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